An appraisal of the chemistry of m-menthane derivatives—virgin substrates for fragrance and flavor technology

Natural members of the m-menthane family are scarce, but science is overcoming this scarcity by the ingenious tailoring of other monoterpenes to furnish a wide range of compounds belonging to this group. The p-menthane derivatives have been exhaustively exploited: their counterparts in the m-menthane series can be regarded as potential building blocks for terpene technology. There have been significant contributions to this rapidly expanding area.


Jettisoning of four atoms of hydrogen from m-menthane theoretically generates not less than 25 m-menthadienes. Systematic naming of these compounds is based on m-menthane, which is numbered as in (1). Confusing generic names have been use in some cases so we have followed the recent recommendations of Bardyshev and Zen'ko.

Click to download the complete article.

More in Ingredients