Progress in Essential Oils: Mediterranean Pine Oil


Mediterranean, or Aleppo pine, which is known taxonomically as Pinus halepensis Miller, is the dominant tree of the forest ecosystems throughout the dry and semi-arid areas of the Mediterranean Basin (Marstre et al., 2003). It can be found in southeast Spain, on the arid calcareous cliffs in Italy, Portugal and France. Oils produced from the needles and leaves of P. halepensis are occasionally found as commercial oils.

Zafria and Garcia-Peregrin (1976) examined the composition of the oils produced from the needles and twigs of P. halepensis of Spanish origin.

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