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This is the third edition of the Genealogy of Fragrance chart, the other two being in September 1973 and March of 1972.
A short symposium was held by the Essential Oil Association on the problems affecting manufacturers and their supplies of both natural and synthetic raw materials. Four reports were given on various aspects of this subject and are summarized below:
Our subject is the future supplies of natural raw materials for the essential oil industry. We might divide these raw materials roughly into three groups: 1) those that serve as raw materials in the production of isolates, competing head-on with synthetics and including citronella, lemongrass, menthol, and clove leaf; 2) those that can be replaced by synthetic oils, such as anis, rose, fir needle, geranium, citrus oils, sandalwood mint oils, and floral extractives; 3) those that are not threatened by replacements–at least for the present– including cedarwood, eucalyptus, guaiaewood, lavandin, ocotea, petitgrain, patchouli, vetivert, and ylang.
A number of additional materials now being developed by Sicalav also were on display. These included fennel, clary sage and tree moss, The cooperative is working with the farmers to extend the range of essential oil and spice materials grown in this region of France,
With this issue we complete the first year of publication of Perfumer & Flavorist. We will take this opportunity to report to our subscribers regarding the aims of this publication as well as the future plans.
It is far easier to produce original top notes than original base notes. This is the reason I am going to discuss the blending of tenacious perfumery raw materials.
Psychologist's Corner. Multidimensional scaling is the general term for the set of approaches which share the aim of inserting odor stimuli, as points, into a geometrical space of low dimensionality (2-3 dimensions).
Thus this work suggests that, from this data set, the human odor sensory spectrum can be. explained by the existence of a two-dimensional continuum with the coordinates (odor) of a molecule determined by its directed dipole and electron donor-acceptor ability. This result is pleasantly straightforward and makes a trained expert’s ability to distinguish thousands of different odors reasonable.
Perfumer's Notebook. This analysis emphasizes the kinds of judgments the perfumer must make in the process of creation of a fragrance. The perfumer must be capable of an imaginative approach, be able to objectively evaluate his work through sound testing techniques, be able to make correct decisions, and have a thorough knowledge of the aroma materials with which he works.
In 1976, the Japanese fragrance and flavor industry handled products and imports of essential oils, fragrances, aromatic chemicals, and fragrances and flavors for food and cosmetics in a total quantity of 31,801 tons and a value of 79,126 million yen. At present, it is hard for us to give any definite prediction regarding the extent of the further growth which the fragrance and flavor industry will attain along with the development of related industries for food, cosmetics, toiletries, and other household items in the domestic market. The future is unclear, i.e., it can be forecast either to be very promising or to be a period of depression.