The grapefruit, Citrus paradisi Macfad., which is the fruit of a subtropical tree, appears to have an uncertain history. All species of the genus Citrus are thought to be native to Asia and the Malay Archipelago, but the actual origin of grapefruit has been a mystery. History According to Kumamoto et al., grapefruit is an apomictically stabilized hybrid between the sweet orange (Citrus sinensis [L.]) Osbeck and the pomelo, or shaddock, (C. grandis (L.) Osbeck [syn. C. maxima (Burm.) Merrill].1 The main reason for the origin confusion is because it was for a long time thought to be a variety of C. maxima, or its known synonym C. grandis. Like sweet orange, the shaddock originated in southern China; however, it is grown throughout Southeast Asia. Macfadyen first encountered grapefruit in the 1830s in Jamaica where it was being grown and commonly known as ‘Barbados grapefruit.’3 The shaddock was first encountered by Sloane in Barbados 1687, although it had been introduced into the island sometime after the island was settled in 1627. It is also not clear if Captain Shaddock, or Chaddock, brought the seeds of this maternal parent fruit to Barbados. It is supposed that the fruit was cultivated and hybridized or mutated into the grapefruit described as “forbidden fruit” by Hughes (1750) from Barbados.
February 27, 2013
Fill out my online form.
Most Popular in Natural
- 380WPC Exclusive: Jasmine Sambac in Fragrance with Felix Buccellato
- 361Possible Trouble for Attar with Ban of Pan Masala
- 134Research Rebuttal: Gynecomastia & Essential Oils
- 133Pink Pepper Fruit and Leaf Oils
- 105Material Review: Searching for the Real Ravensara Oil
- 60Progress in Essential Oils: Spanish Oregano Oil
- 50Amyris Advances with Second Fragrance Molecule
- 32Pear Ester: Ethyl (E,Z)-2,4-decadienoate
- 29Growing Indian Sandalwood in Australia
- 26Major Volatile Constituents of Egyptian Rose Absolute