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Progress in Essential Oils

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New Caledonium Sandalwood Oil

An oil of sandalwood produced from the heartwood of Santalum austrocaledonicum Viell. var. austrocaledonicum has been available commercially for a number of years. According to Coppen (1995), small quantities of oil were being produced from New Caledonium sandalwood before 1995.

Alpha et al. (1996) determined that the main constituents of New Caledonium sandalwood oil were alpha-santalene, epi-beta-santalene, bsantalene, alpha-santalol, epi-beta-santalol and beta-santalol. These same authors (Alpha et al. 1997a) identified 6,13-dihydroxybisabola-2,10-diene, 7,13-dihydroxybisabola-2,10-diene, (E)-lanceol and campherene-2,3-diol (Alpha et al. 1997b) in the same New Caledonium sandalwood oil.

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