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Today, a lot is being said about levels of salt intake in relation to consumer behavior. However, with so much being discussed, there is bound to be confusion. So, what are the facts about salt consumption?
Contrary to popular belief, there is no recommended use level of salt set by the US Food and Drug Administration. In fact, when one talks about guidelines, one is likely referring to guidelines set in the “Dietary Guidelines for Americans 2005,* which suggest that an average consumer should not consume more than 2,300 mg of sodium (not salt!). This is equal to 5,800 mg salt per day.
Salt has a long history in mankind’s diet and is a known essential ingredient in many religious traditions, including purification rituals. Salt is a key component in the body, working as a primary electrolyte, and contains key elements such as potassium, magnesium and calcium.
Salt is also an important ingredient in processed foods for water retention in meats, hams and sausages. It also acts as a preservation agent in all kinds of foods and is used as proofing control agent in applications such as bread.
The statements made by organizations like the Center for Science in the Public Interest and American Medical Association (AMA) have jolted the discussion about sodium/salt intake. The AMA’s 2007 statement on the matter—which urged salt limits for processed foods and restaurant meals—is bound to have a lasting impact on the mind of the consumer. Not to mention that there is a consensus that an overdose of chloride causes hypertension (high blood pressure) and other related health problems.