Progress in Essential Oils

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Lemon Verbena Oil In earlier reports on lemon verbena the taxonomic origin used was Aloysia trphylla (L’Her.) Britton [syn. Lippia citriodora Ortega ex Pers. Humb. Bonpl. et Kunth.; L. triphylla (L’Her.) Kuntze; Verbena triphylla L’Her.]; however, the most acceptable name is Aloysia citriodora Palau.

Frazao et al. (1982) reported that a sample of lemon verbena oil produced from plants of Portuguese origin was found to contain the following constituents:

alpha;-pinene (1.13%)

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beta;-pinene (0.15%)

sabinene (2.33%)

limonene (22.72%)

1,8-cineole (1.31%)

6-methyl-5-hepten-2-one (0.22%)

alpha;-copaene (0.98%)

linalool (0.39%)

beta;-caryophyllene (1.15%)

neral (6.69%)

geranial (10.77%)

alpha;-terpineol (0.20%)

geranyl acetate (9.26%)

nerol (0.37%)

geraniol (0.77%)

nerolidol* (1.42%)

spathulenol (8.85%)

*correct isomer not identified

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