pf

Plant Impact Volatiles from Higher Fungi: A Biotechnological Perspective

Contact Author Ulrich Krings, Bernd G. Abraham and Ralf G. Berger
Close
Fill out my online form.

Tap Into Sensory Excellence! This is just part of the article. Want the complete story, plus a host of other cutting-edge technical and business articles to make your job easier? Login or Register for free!

For a long time, essential oils of higher plants were the sole sources of natural flavors. Today, due to consumer preference for natural food additives, the demand for natural flavors exceeds the supply of flavors produced by higher plants. Because that supply is strongly dependent on factors which are difficult to control—factors such as influence of weather, plant diseases, fluctuating qualities, socio-political instabilities of major supplying areas and trade restrictions--biotechnology represents a promising alternative. Since progress in the field of production of volatiles by plant cell cultures is still slow, cell cultures of higher fungi were investigated in more detail.

Twenty strains of basidiomycetes were submerged cultured, and the volatile compounds generated were isolated at two different phases of growth by solvent extraction. Two hundred twenty-nine compounds were characterized by gas liquid chromatography (GLC), gas liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (GLC/MS) and gas liquid chromatography-olfactometry (GLC/O). Many of them are known as character impact compounds of higher plants with interesting odor impressions, representing important industrially used flavor compounds.

Materials and Methods

Microorganisms: The 20 examined strains of basidiomycetes and their origins are shown in Table 1.

Want the rest of the story? Simply sign up to register. It’s easy. Plus, it only takes 1 minute and it’s free!

Related Content