P & F Magazine

Raw Materials Sponsored by

Email This Item!
Increase Text Size

Progress in Essential Oils

By: Brian M. Lawrence
Posted: April 4, 2006, from the April 2006 issue of P&F magazine.

Excerpt only Purchase This Article

10 pages available as a PDF download or printed copies mailed to you

Lemon Oil

A steam-distilled oil produced from the peels of Citrus limon grown in the Republic of Benin, West Africa, was analyzed by Ayedoun et al. (1996) using GC on two columns of different polarity and GC/MS. The composition of the oil was found to be as follows:

alpha-thujene (0.3 percent)

alpha;-pinene (1.8 percent)

camphene (0.1 percent)

sabinene (t)

beta-pinene (4.2 percent)

octanal (0.1 percent)

myrcene (1.8 percent)

alpha-phellandrene (0.1 percent)

alpha-terpinene (0.3 percent)

p-cymene (0.4 percent)

1,8-cineole (3.3 percent)

limonene (70.4 percent)

(Z)-beta-ocimene (0.2 percent)

(E)-beta-ocimene (0.3 percent)

gamma-terpinene (11.8 percent)

terpinolene (0.8 percent)

linalool (0.1 percent)

alpha-fenchol (t)

cis-beta-terpineol (0.1 percent)

borneol (t)

terpinen-4-ol (0.7 percent)

alpha-terpineol (1.4 percent)

decanal (t)

citronellol (t)

neral (t)

geranial (t)

beta-caryophyllene (0.3 percent)

trans-alpha-bergamotene (0.3 percent)

alpha-humulene (t)

germacrene D (0.2 percent)

(E,E)-alpha-farnesene (0.2 percent)

beta-bisabolene (0.5 percent)

delta-cadinene (0.1 percent)

t = trace (< 0.6 percent)

This is only an excerpt of the full article that appeared in P&F Magazine, but you can purchase the full-text version.