This is only an excerpt of the full article that appeared in P&F Magazine. The full content is not currently available online.
Successful fragrance designers understand that skin is not just the outer layer of our body, but also a highly complex substrate. It is made up of two layers—the dermis and the epidermis. The dermal layer is the outer layer which gives skin its elasticity and appearance, and protects us against physical damage. The epidermal layer is composed of four sub-layers—the stratum corneum, the granular sub-layer, the spinous sub-layer and the basal sub-layer—and it protects us against harmful substances.
Other topics discussed: Equipment, Method, Application, Conclusion