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May 02, 2006 | 09:42 PM CDT
By: Brian M. Lawrence
Geranium Oil In 1996, Zang et al. analyzed geranium oil of Chinese origin. Although they found that some of the major constituents were citronellol (24.73%), geraniol (8.79%) and linalool (4.16%), the authors misidentified many of the other constituents; however, it is included in this review for completeness. Möllenbeck et al. (1997) analyzed a sample of geranium oil produced in Madagascar. The oil composition was found to be as follows:
May 02, 2006 | 09:38 PM CDT
By: Glenn Roberts, The Roberts Group and Fragrance…
How many industry professionals reading this column have ever in their lives spoken to a government regulator? My educated estimate is only a few. Now, how many readers have ever spoken to an elected official? I would guess perhaps a few more.
May 02, 2006 | 09:34 PM CDT
By: F. Peter Meschede and Thierry Duclos
Part One. I am an old fashioned guy. I want to smell eau de cologne made with natural bergamot oil. I want to smell the fragrance of citrus or lavender oils in my cleansing agents.
May 02, 2006 | 09:28 PM CDT
By: Mans Boelens and Harrie Boelens
Qualitative odor-structure relationships have been applied for more than a century. The results of these studies are mostly the consequence (outcome) of the application of common sense gathered by experience. Two main features characterize the molecular structures of odorant molecules: “electronicity” (electronic charge distribution over a molecule) and “stereocity” (volume, shape and profile of a molecule).
May 02, 2006 | 09:24 PM CDT
By: H. Sommer, H.-J. Bertram, G. Krammer, G. Kinde…
Citrus peel oils are of great importance for the flavor and fragrance industry because they are widely used in perfumes, beverages, food and cosmetic products. Many publications cover the analysis of the volatile substances of peel oils. Nevertheless, the non-volatile ingredients seem to play an important role in citrus oils, too.
Apr 21, 2006 | 11:50 AM CDT
By: Brian M. Lawrence
Lawrence discusses the composition of Tea tree oil from Australia and its chiral constituents. Additionally, he covers angelica root oil from Romania and Canada. Finally, Lawrence covers pimento berry and leaf oil from Mexico and Cuba.
Apr 21, 2006 | 11:41 AM CDT
By: Michael Zviely, O'Laughlin Industries Ltd.
A look at the four groups that comprise this section of heterocyclic chemicals, and their importance to fl avors and fragrances. Of the ca. 20 million chemical compounds presently characterized, almost half are heterocyclic molecules. Heterocyclic molecules are significant due to their abundance in nature, and their chemical and biological importance.
Apr 21, 2006 | 11:17 AM CDT
By: William Troy, Firmenich Inc.
Regulatory matters in California, Canada, Japan and beyond. If it seemed to you there was a lot going on in the past year or so on the regulatory front, you’re right! Let’s take a look at several of the key topics (California, REACH, IFRA, Canada, Japan, Korea, Europe) of which everyone in F&F should be aware, so that there are no nasty surprises down the road.
Apr 21, 2006 | 11:14 AM CDT
By: John Cox, Law offices of John H. Cox, PPLC
The effect of the Seventh Amendment to the European Cosmetic Directive and the California Safe Cosmetics Act on fragrance suppliers and customers. While visiting a fragrance supplier earlier this year, the conversation turned to the challenge of communicating with customers about regulatory changes. In addition to exchanging information about what ingredients might be in a particular fragrance, these conversations frequently touch on the need for the customer to decide either to label or disclose the presence of a particular ingredient, or to reformulate.
Apr 21, 2006 | 11:09 AM CDT
By: Jeb Gleason-Allured, Editor
Getting to know your F&F buying public. In doing my own research and networking at various F&F industry events, I’ve come to see that today’s health-conscious buying public is more educated and varied than ever before. And no consumer topic is hotter than the natural/organic/wellness trend, which has changed our expectations of fragranced goods and foods.